don't use fog light if you want better distance view!
and use high beam when you can.
Below is bit of academic study based blah about vehicle front lighting if you are interested to read.
Your mentioned mag light and flood is good example to explain what you may be missing when you consider about vehicle front lighting.
mag light works well for distance shoot even with smaller output light source, because it focus strong to intensify beam in center, and not much illumination around beam. while flood is to light up wider area instead of reaching far, less intensity overall=can't reach far, but help see wider area.
Low beam has both character in well design balance.
desired low beam beam distribution is higher focus on beam center, along cut-off line(which land on road at most distance in beam pattern)
and you want much dimmer distribution on near view, so relatively distance illumination stands out more.
Halogen projector is designed based on halogen bulb light source intensity to achieve this balance.
If our eye response is like liner response to brightness, it won't matter but unfortunately, it works bit different.
By putting HID bulb in halogen projector, you literally gain almost twice illumination intensity right in front of you(which you can say better visibility for near sight) but eyes won't response twice better for distance illumination intensity even though, it should be similar balance in terms of beam distribution rate.
Basically, you don't want to bring your threshold level of "bright" higher based on near sight.
I am sure what you want to see isn't mainly right in front of you, but at moderate distance view in average driving speed. Don't get confused by brighter illumination you get from HID not gonna work at same balance
For high beam, it somewhat works better with brighter light source for distance reach compare to low beam though.
High beam optics is normally wider spot beam optics that light up beam center and above cut-off.
But if high beam gets too bright, as soon as you turn high beam off, eye need to adjust back to low beam brightness level..so balance really is key to have better night time visibility.